Birth Order and Peer Pressure as Determinants of Adolescents’ - Behavioural Adjustment in Ojo Local Government Area of Lagos State


Daodu, M. A., Elegbede, C. B.


The study examined the influence of Birth-Order and Peer Pressure on Adolescents Behavioral Adjustment in Ojo Local Government Area of Lagos State. Ninety (90) respondents were randomly selected from three (3) senior secondary schools consisting of male and female students. The study adopted descriptive survey design. Data for the study were collected through Adolescent Behavioral Adjustment Scale (ABAS); chi-square method was used to analyze the data collected for the study. Two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that birth order and peer pressure influence have a strong influence on adolescent behavioral adjustment in secondary schools. The study concluded that parents, teachers and school counsellor should monitor and re-orientate the adolescents to behave in a society acceptable way. Lastly, conclusion and recommendation were suggested


Birth, Order, Peer, Pressure, Adolescent, Behaviour, Adjustment


Adolescent is a developmental transition between childhood and adulthood. The individual is no more a child, but he is not yet an adult. It is necessary to point out that the individual undergoing this period is referred to as adolescent, while the period is called adolescence. Komolafe, Ogunjimi and Adeniyi [2001] make clear that adolescence is a transitional stage between childhood and adulthood characterized by a number of pressures which are internal and external to the Adolescent.


Birth Order refers to the order a child is born in their family; first-born, second born, third born, last born etc. Also, the birth order is the order in which a child is born. Birth order is often believed to have a profound and lasting effect on personality and psychological development of an individual especially children and adolescent. (Rohrer, Egloff and Schmukle, 2015). The work of Adler, the founder of individual psychology in 1982, was the first to discuss the influence of birth order on personality development. While he identified common characteristics and patterns for particular birth order positions, he emphasized how every person has a self- perceived place in his or her family (Leman, 2009). Adler (1982) believed that birth order has a direct association with personality characteristics of Adolescents. He asserted that family position can affect adolescent experiences and development. It is believed that each birth order position has its own unique set of personality traits.


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